The aims of occupational health care are to assess and provide a healthy and safe working environment, and to prevent work-related illnesses. Occupational health care services assess the employees’ health status, work capacity and functional capacity. When necessary, the employee is directed to health care services or rehabilitation.
Basic information and legislation
Employees are entitled to occupational health care. Employers are required to organise preventive occupational health care. The organisation of medical care is voluntary for employers. Entrepreneurs and self-employed persons can organise their occupational health care services as they wish.
Occupational health care includes examining the health and safety of the work and the related working conditions as well as assessing and managing any health risks related to the work. Occupational health care examines the employee’s state of health as well as their work and functional capacity. If necessary, the employee is referred to treatment or rehabilitation.
Employers can organise their occupational health care themselves or in collaboration with others. Employers may also procure services from various health care providers, such as their wellbeing services county. The wellbeing services county must arrange occupational health care services for companies operating in its area that wish to purchase the services from the wellbeing services county.