Maternity Investigation

The purpose of establishing maternity is to obtain the information required for confirming the second mother for a child born with the help of fertility treatment. The child welfare officer must establish maternity before the Digital and Population Data Services Agency can confirm that the child also has a second mother.

The person who has given birth to the child is always the child’s mother. A second mother can also be confirmed for the child if the child was born with the help of fertility treatment and both mothers have given their consent to the treatment. The second requirement for confirming maternity is that the child’s father cannot be confirmed or established.

Another woman’s maternity cannot be confirmed before it’s acknowledged. You can acknowledge maternity already before the child’s birth by stating to a nurse at a municipal maternity clinic that you are the child’s second mother. You must do this in person in the presence of the pregnant mother, and you must present a certificate of the fertility treatment received. You can also acknowledge your maternity at the municipal child welfare office. In this case, you must also present the pregnancy certificate provided by the maternity clinic.

If you have acknowledged your maternity before the child’s birth, you will also automatically be considered the child’s guardian as soon as your maternity is established. However, if you acknowledge your maternity after the child has been born, a separate agreement between you and the child’s birth mother has to be drawn up at the child welfare office.

The child welfare officer who established maternity will send the record of the maternity investigation and the acknowledgment documents to the Digital and Population Data Services Agency. If maternity was acknowledged before the child’s birth, the child welfare officer may only prepare the investigation record after 30 days have passed from the child’s birth. The Digital and Population Data Services Agency will confirm maternity on the basis of the documents supplied by the child welfare officer.

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For advice and appointments, contact the Eastern Uusimaa Family Legal Service Unit by phone or e-mail.

Basic information and legislation

The purpose of the maternity investigation process is to obtain information that can be used to confirm the second mother of a child who has was born with the help of fertility treatment. The maternity of the second mother is determined by the child welfare officer and confirmed by the Digital and Population Data Services Agency.

The person who gave birth to the child is always the child’s mother. A second mother can also be confirmed for the child if the child was conceived with the help of fertility treatments that both mothers consented to. The second requirement for confirming maternity is that the child’s father cannot be identified or confirmed.

Before the maternity of the second mother can be confirmed, it must first be acknowledged. You can acknowledge your maternity before the birth of your child at the maternity clinic. The person who is pregnant with your child must be present during this acknowledgement. You will be required to present a certificate of the fertility treatments that you have received. You can also submit your acknowledgement when visiting a child welfare officer. In this case, you must also provide a certificate of pregnancy from the maternity clinic.

If you have acknowledged your maternity in advance before the birth of your child, you will automatically become the child’s guardian once your maternity has been confirmed. If, on the other hand, you acknowledge your maternity only after the birth of your child, you will be required to draw up a separate guardianship contract with a child welfare officer.

The child welfare officer must draw up a record of the investigation of maternity. They must submit the record and all documents concerning acknowledgement and their appendices to the Digital and Population Data Services Agency.